Dyslexia and Reading Difficulties

The terms phonological dyslexia and surface dyslexia are generally used to describe two main types of dyslexia. Phonological dyslexia includes trouble breaking words down into syllables and into smaller sound units called phonemes, while kids with surface dyslexia struggle with reading because they can’t recognize...

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The visual-spatial dyslexic, generally speaking, has problems remembering and discriminating visual gestalts. Mattis noted difficulties in visual-spatial perception and letter discrimination. Pirozzolo characterized such a child as having directional (left-right) confusions, poor visual-motor coordination with lower scores in performance areas...

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